最新研究報告 Ted Talks

聽聽全球最權威的科學家在有關人類認知心理健康等方面的最新報告

有關心理疾病

部分有中文翻譯的講演: 壹心理的心靈氧吧

臨終關懷 End of Life Care

  • 在生命終點,真正重要的是什麼?
    在生命的終點,我們最渴望的是什麼?對許多人而言,只是很簡單的舒適、尊重和愛。BJ‧米勒是個安寧療護醫生,他深入思考如何為他的病患創造有尊嚴、優雅的生命終點。請花點時間品嘗這場動人的談話,裡面探討了我們如何思考死亡和為人生增光的重要議題。。…..觀看視頻

老年痴呆症  Alzheimer’s

  • 老人癡呆症:真的是歲月的必然嗎? 2015
    记忆就是生命。当我们的记忆终于被剥夺,那什么还可以证明我们曾经存在过?岁月神偷,偷走了记忆,偷走了心智,偷走了珍惜的人。阿兹海默被发现已经114年,难道我们就拿它一点办法都没有么?本期TED演讲者Samuel Cohen 将用自己近20年的研究告诉我们,阿兹海默并不是我们岁月的必然。…..觀看視頻
    More than 40 million people worldwide suffer from Alzheimer’s disease, and that number is expected to increase drastically in the coming years. But no real progress has been made in the fight against the disease since its classification more than 100 years ago. Scientist Samuel Cohen shares a new breakthrough in Alzheimer’s research from his lab as well as a message of hope. “Alzheimer’s is a disease,” Cohen says, “and we can cure it.”…..Watch the video
  • 我们该如何应对老年痴呆症? 2012
    当目睹父亲受老年痴呆折磨,我们拒绝承认 (“与我无关”) 或者严防死守疲于奔命。但世界健康专家阿兰娜-莎客对如何面对老年痴呆症有了不同看法。她正执行自己明确的三个目标来准备–当老年痴呆症在她身上到来之时,她是如何应对的?…..觀看視頻
    When faced with a parent suffering from Alzheimer’s, most of us respond with denial (“It won’t happen to me”) or extreme efforts at prevention. But global health expert and TED Fellow Alanna Shaikh sees it differently. She’s taking three concrete steps to prepare for the moment — should it arrive — when she herself gets Alzheimer’s disease……Watch the video

憂鬱症 Depression

  • 如果朋友想自殺 2011
    如果你身边有自杀倾向的小伙伴,你知道该怎么办吗?演讲者JD Schramm,用自身经历告诉我们,假装不在意或者避开话题,都不能帮助自杀者。那么应该怎么做?请走进本期的TED演讲。…..觀看視頻
    Even when our lives appear fine from the outside, locked within can be a world of quiet suffering, leading some to the decision to end their life. At TEDYou, JD Schramm asks us to break the silence surrounding suicide and suicide attempts, and to create much-needed resources to help people who reclaim their life after escaping death……Watch the video
  • 憂鬱,我們共享的秘密 2013
    「憂鬱的反面不是快樂,而是活力,那段時間活力似乎從我身上慢慢消失了。」在這場具有說服力和顛覆性的演說中,安德魯.索羅門 (Andrew Solomon) 帶你走進他與憂鬱對抗多年時內心最陰暗的角落。這段經歷開啟了他到世界各地採訪憂鬱患者的驚奇旅程。出乎意料的是,他發現當自己說得越多,就會有越多人想述說他們自己的故事。…..觀看視頻
    “The opposite of depression is not happiness, but vitality, and it was vitality that seemed to seep away from me in that moment.” In a talk equal parts eloquent and devastating, writer Andrew Solomon takes you to the darkest corners of his mind during the years he battled depression. That led him to an eye-opening journey across the world to interview others with depression — only to discover that, to his surprise, the more he talked, the more people wanted to tell their own stories…..Watch the video
  • 如何讓壓力成為你的朋友 2013
    壓力,讓你心跳加速、呼吸急促跟額頭開始冒汗。當壓力被一般大眾視為是有害於身體健康的同時,新的研究調查卻指出,只有當你相信壓力是有害的時候,它才會真正有害於你的健康。 心理學家Kelly McGonigal督促我們將壓力視為正面助力,並介紹了一種前所未聞的新紓壓方法:去接觸身旁的人。…..觀看視頻
    Stress. It makes your heart pound, your breathing quicken and your forehead sweat. But while stress has been made into a public health enemy, new research suggests that stress may only be bad for you if you believe that to be the case. Psychologist Kelly McGonigal urges us to see stress as a positive, and introduces us to an unsung mechanism for stress reduction: reaching out to others…..Watch the video
  • 喜劇演員的憂鬱告白 2013
    身為球隊隊長、派對萬人迷又渾身自信,Kevin Breel 看起來不像個患有憂鬱症的小孩。但他今天要告訴我們一個故事,一個關於在那個夜晚,他了解到,為了救自己的性命,他必須說出四個簡單的字的故事。…..觀看視頻Kevin Breel didn’t look like a depressed kid: team captain, at every party, funny and confident. But he tells the story of the night he realized that — to save his own life — he needed to say four simple words…..Watch the video
  • 精神疾病有什么可笑的? 2012
    每四个人里就有一个人精神上有毛病,说的就是你,先生!这是喜剧演员Ruby给我们带来的开场白。活力四射幽默感十足的她,十年前被诊断出临床忧郁症,借此表演敦促我们摒弃对精神疾病的偏见。毕竟,任何疾病都能得到朋友的同情与良好祝愿,为什么大脑出毛病了就不能?…..觀看視頻
    Diseases of the body garner sympathy, says comedian Ruby Wax — except those of the brain. Why is that? With dazzling energy and humor, Wax, diagnosed a decade ago with clinical depression, urges us to put an end to the stigma of mental illness…..Watch the video

思觉失调症 schizophrenia

  • 一個來自精神病患內心深處的故事 2012
    「我可以徹底毀了你的辦公室嗎?」這是艾琳.薩克斯。有次問她醫生的問題,而這並不是個玩笑話。2007年時,法學學者薩克斯自告奮勇述說藉由藥物控制與治療,但卻無時無刻存在的思覺失調症親身體驗。在這個強而有力的演說中,她請我們以清楚、誠實且富同情心的方式看待精神病患。…..觀看視頻
    “Is it okay if I totally trash your once?” It’s a question Elyn Saks once asked her doctor, and it wasn’t a joke. A legal scholar, in 2007 Saks came forward with her own story of schizophrenia, controlled by drugs and therapy but ever-present. In this powerful talk, she asks us to see people with mental illness clearly, honestly and compassionately…..Watch the video
  • Oliver Sacks:從幻覺認識我們的心智 Visual Hallucination  2009
    神經科學家兼作家奧利佛•薩克斯帶領我們認識邦奈特症候群 (Charles Bonnett Syndrome),也就是視力受損的人所出現的鮮明幻視。他以溫馨口吻詳細描述病患的體驗,也說明了這個鮮為報導的現象背後的生理機制。…..觀看視頻
    Neurologist and author Oliver Sacks brings our attention to Charles Bonnett syndrome — when visually impaired people experience lucid hallucinations. He describes the experiences of his patients in heartwarming detail and walks us through the biology of this under-reported phenomenon…..Watch the video

成瘾 Addiction

  • 成癮行為:顯示內心的孤独 2015
    你有一些成瘾的行为倾向么?比如不带手机死星人,比如不剁手死星人,比如不上网死星人,那么如何才能戒断,过上正常人的生活呢?本期TED演讲者Johann Hari将告诉我们,瘾其实需要生活中的爱来化解。…..觀看視頻
    What really causes addiction — to everything from cocaine to smart-phones? And how can we overcome it? Johann Hari has seen our current methods fail firsthand, as he has watched loved ones struggle to manage their addictions. He started to wonder why we treat addicts the way we do — and if there might be a better way. As he shares in this deeply personal talk, his questions took him around the world, and unearthed some surprising and hopeful ways of thinking about an age-old problem…….Watch the video

其他 Other

  • 内向是你的优势  2012
    在当今以外向为荣的文化中,成为一个内向的人视乎是件耻辱的事儿。但是Susan Cain却以她的故事告诉人们,内向的人也有出众的才能和天赋,这是值得鼓励和庆幸的!…..觀看視頻
    In a culture where being social and outgoing are prized above all else, it can be difficult, even shameful, to be an introvert. But, as Susan Cain argues in this passionate talk, introverts bring extraordinary talents and abilities to the world, and should be encouraged and celebrated…..Watch the video
  • 不幸的机会 2009
    很多人都是通过这一刻记住了艾米·慕琳丝(Aimee Mullins)。这位曾经的残奥会短跑冠军脱下了自己的一对假肢——因为疾病,艾米在一岁时就接受截肢,失去了膝盖以下的部分。对艾米而言,假肢给了她速度、美丽和额外的六英寸身高,使她能够身兼短跑选手、演员、模特等多个身份。而现在,台上的艾米是一个稳健的演讲者,她通过自己的成长故事,重新定义了“残疾”的含义。她庆幸自己没有因为身体的缺陷而丧失生活的勇气,“从人性角度来讲,通过经历不幸,我们对自己的认识一步步加深,我们适应得也越来越快。”…..觀看視頻
    The thesaurus might equate “disabled” with synonyms like “useless” and “mutilated,” but ground-breaking runner Aimee Mullins is out to redefine the word. Defying these associations, she hows how adversity — in her case, being born without shinbones — actually opens the door for human potential…..Watch the video
  • Amy Cuddy: 姿勢決定你是誰! (Your body language shapes who you are ) 2012
    o身體語言影響別人對我們的觀感,同時亦改變我們如何看自己。社會心理學家 Amy Cuddy 說明”高權勢姿勢”–即使在不覺得充滿信心時站起來一副很有自信的樣子–可以改變我們腦內睪固銅和可體松的濃度,進而影響成功的機會。…..觀看視頻
    Amy Cuddy’s research on body language reveals that we can change other people’s perceptions — and even our own body chemistry — simply by changing body positions…..Watch the video

 

  • 你的话语可能会预测未来的心理健康(Your words may predict the future mental health)2016
    Can the way you speak and write today predict your future mental state, even the onset of psychosis? In this fascinating talk, neuroscientist Mariano Sigman reflects on ancient Greece and the origins of introspection to investigate how our words hint at our inner lives and details a word-mapping algorithm that could predict the development of schizophrenia. “We may be seeing in the future a very different form of mental health,” Sigman says, “based on objective, quantitative and automated analysis of the words we write, of the words we say.”…..Watch the video
  • 当你紧张的时候如何冷静下来(How to stay calm when you know you’ll be stressed)2015
    You’re not at your best when you’re stressed. In fact, your brain has evolved over millennia to release cortisol in stressful situations, inhibiting rational, logical thinking but potentially helping you survive, say, being attacked by a lion. Neuroscientist Daniel Levitin thinks there’s a way to avoid making critical mistakes in stressful situations, when your thinking becomes clouded — the pre-mortem. “We all are going to fail now and then,” he says. “The idea is to think ahead to what those failures might be.”…..Watch the video
  • 你可以长出一个新的大脑(You can grow new brain cells here’s how) 2015
    Can we, as adults, grow new neurons? Neuroscientist Sandrine Thuret says that we can, and she offers research and practical advice on how we can help our brains better perform neurogenesis—improving mood, increasing memory formation and preventing the decline associated with aging along the way……Watch the video
  • 为什么情绪急救势在必行(Why we need to practice emotional first aid) 2014
    We’ll go to the doctor when we feel flu-ish or a nagging pain. So why don’t we see a health professional when we feel emotional pain: guilt, loss, loneliness? Too many of us deal with common psychological-health issues on our own, says Guy Winch. But we don’t have to. He makes a compelling case to practice emotional hygiene — taking care of our emotions, our minds, with the same diligence we take care of our bodies…….Watch the video
  • 医生不了解的兽医知识( What veterinarians know that doctors don’t)2014
    What do you call a veterinarian who can only take care of one species? A physician. In a fascinating talk, Barbara Natterson-Horowitz shares how a species-spanning approach to health can improve medical care of the human animal — particularly when it comes to mental health……..Watch the video
  • 为什么睡觉如此重要(One more reason to get a good night’s sleep)2014
    The brain uses a quarter of the body’s entire energy supply, yet only accounts for about two percent of the body’s mass. So how does this unique organ receive and, perhaps more importantly, rid itself of vital nutrients? New research suggests it has to do with sleep………Watch the video
  • 链接自杀与生命的桥梁(The bridge between suicide and life)2014
    For many years Sergeant Kevin Briggs had a dark, unusual, at times strangely rewarding job: He patrolled the southern end of San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge, a popular site for suicide attempts. In a sobering, deeply personal talk Briggs shares stories from those he’s spoken — and listened — to standing on the edge of life. He gives a powerful piece of advice to those with loved ones who might be contemplating suicide……Watch the video
  • 我们为什么需要睡眠(Why do we sleep) 2013
    Russell Foster is a circadian neuroscientist: He studies the sleep cycles of the brain. And he asks: What do we know about sleep? Not a lot, it turns out, for something we do with one-third of our lives. In this talk, Foster shares three popular theories about why we sleep, busts some myths about how much sleep we need at different ages — and hints at some bold new uses of sleep as a predictor of mental health……Watch the video
  • 我脑中的声音(The voices in my head)2013
    To all appearances, Eleanor Longden was just like every other student, heading to college full of promise and without a care in the world. That was until the voices in her head started talking. Initially innocuous, these internal narrators became increasingly antagonistic and dictatorial, turning her life into a living nightmare. Diagnosed with schizophrenia, hospitalized, drugged, Longden was discarded by a system that didn’t know how to help her. Longden tells the moving tale of her years-long journey back to mental health, and makes the case that it was through learning to listen to her voices that she was able to survive……Watch the video
  • 重新认识精神疾病(Toward a new understanding of mental illness)2013
    Today, thanks to better early detection, there are 63% fewer deaths from heart disease than there were just a few decades ago. Thomas Insel, Director of the National Institute of Mental Health, wonders: Could we do the same for depression and schizophrenia? The first step in this new avenue of research, he says, is a crucial reframing: for us to stop thinking about “mental disorders” and start understanding them as “brain disorders.” …….Watch the video
  • 商界领袖需要大脑科学(Beware neuro bunk)2012
    Brains are ubiquitous in modern marketing: Headlines proclaim cheese sandwiches help with decision-making, while a “neuro” drink claims to reduce stress. There’s just one problem, says neuroscientist Molly Crockett: The benefits of these “neuro-enhancements” are not proven scientifically. In this to-the-point talk, Crockett explains the limits of interpreting neuroscientific data, and why we should all be aware of them….Watch the video
  • 全民投入心理卫生(Mental health for all by involving all)2012
    Nearly 450 million people are affected by mental illness worldwide. In wealthy nations, just half receive appropriate care, but in developing countries, close to 90 percent go untreated because psychiatrists are in such short supply. Vikram Patel outlines a highly promising approach — training members of communities to give mental health interventions, empowering ordinary people to care for others……Watch the video
  • 一个全新的方式来诊断自闭症(A new way to diagnose autism)2011
    Early diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder can improve the lives of everyone affected, but the complex network of causes make it incredibly difficult to predict. At TEDxPeachtree, Ami Klin describes a new early detection method that uses eye-tracking technologies to gauge babies’ social engagement skills and reliably measure their risk of developing autism……Watch the video
  • 了解意识的一次探索(The quest to understand consciousness) 2011
    Every morning we wake up and regain consciousness — that is a marvelous fact — but what exactly is it that we regain? Neuroscientist Antonio Damasio uses this simple question to give us a glimpse into how our brains create our sense of self…….Watch the video
  • 保持听力的八个步骤(Shh! Sound health in 8 steps)2010
    Julian Treasure says our increasingly noisy world is gnawing away at our mental health — even costing lives. He lays out an 8-step plan to soften this sonic assault (starting with those cheap earbuds) and restore our relationship with sound…….Watch the video
  • 音乐令人心智健全(Music is medicine, music is sanity)2010
    Robert Gupta, violinist with the LA Philharmonic, talks about a violin lesson he once gave to a brilliant, schizophrenic musician — and what he learned. Called back onstage later, Gupta plays his own transcription of the prelude from Bach’s Cello Suite No. 1…….Watch the video